Fiber

Fiber:
It is defined as one of the delicate, hair portions of the tissues of a plant or animal or other substances that are very small in diameter in relation to there length. A fiber is a material which is several hundred times as long as its thick.

Textile Fiber:

Textile fiber has some characteristics which differ between fiber to Textile fiber. Textile fiber can be spun into a yarn or made into a fabric by various methods including weaving, knitting, braiding, felting, and twisting. The essential requirements for fibers to be spun into yarn include a length of at least 5 millimeters, flexibility, cohesiveness, and sufficient strength. Other important properties include elasticity, fineness, uniformity, durability, and luster.

Banana fiber is one kind of fiber but it is not a textile fiber. Because it can not fill up the above properties. So we can say that all fiber are not textile fiber.

Types of Textile Fiber:
Generally two types of fiber.
1. Natural fiber.
2. Manmade fiber.

  • Fiber properties:  Fiber properties are essential thing to know for various end uses and the products made from it qualify on the basis of certain [ MORE]
Table . Indicators of most important properties of textile fibers
Length
(mm)
Thickness
(g/km)
Tensile strength
(MN/m2. or kgf/mm2)
Elongation
(percent)
Moisture content
(percent)
1 A t 20°C and 65% relative humidity
Cotton 25-45 0.1-0.2 250-550 (25-45) 6-9 7-9
Flax, industrial 500-700 4.0-10.0 300-600 (50-60) 2-3 11-13
Wool, fine 50-80 0.3-1 .0 200-250 (20-25) 30-50 16-17
Wool coarse 50-200 1.2-3.0 150-200 (15-20) 25-35 14-15
Silk (cocoon filament) 0.31-0.37 400-450 (40-45) 15-20 10-11

Leave a Reply

Fill in your details below or click an icon to log in:

WordPress.com Logo

You are commenting using your WordPress.com account. Log Out / Change )

Twitter picture

You are commenting using your Twitter account. Log Out / Change )

Facebook photo

You are commenting using your Facebook account. Log Out / Change )

Google+ photo

You are commenting using your Google+ account. Log Out / Change )

Connecting to %s