Cotton Fiber

1. Introuction & History Of Cotton:

Cotton today is the most used textile fiber in the world. Its current market share is 56 percent for all fibers used for apparel and home furnishings and sold in the U.S.[ MORE]


Cotton is a soft, fluffy staple fiber that grows in a boll, or protective case, around the seeds of cotton plants of the genus Gossypium in the family of Malvaceae. The fiber is almost pure cellulose. Under natural conditions, the cotton bolls will tend to increase the dispersal of the seeds.

2. Types

There are four commercially grown species of cotton, all domesticated in antiquity:

3. Cotton Fiber Morphology:   The macro structure of cotton- [Details]

4. Cotton Physical & Chemical Properties: The strength of cotton fibers is attributed to the
good alignment of its long polymers. [FULL Details]

5. Chemical Composition of Cotton Fiber:

  • Cellulose                                            94%
  • Protein                                               1.3%
  • Ash                                                    1.2%
  • Pectin                                                 1.2%
  • Oil, Fat and Wax                                0.6%
  • Sugar                                                 0.3%
  • Pigment                                              trace
  • Others                                                1.4%

6.Structure And Properties Of Cotton Fiber : The botanical name of American Upland cotton is Gossypium Hirsutum and has been developed from cottons [ More]




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